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Size: approx. 84.000 km² Population: approx. 8,000.000 inhabitants Austria is a democratic republic whose law emanates from the people. Its head of state is the Federal President. Austria is composed of nine autonomous provinces named Burgenland, Carinthia, Lower Austria, Upper Austria, Salzburg, Styria, Tyrol, Vorarlberg, and Vienna. The provinces have specific executive powers, but no separate court system, and maintain provincial parliaments with select legislative powers. They have their own provincial electoral authorities and electoral legislation. For nation-wide elections, specific federal laws are in force. Basic principles and provisions governing elections on all political levels are laid down in the Federal Constitution. The federal parliament is bi-cameral. It comprises a lower chamber (national council) and an upper chamber (federal council).
All elections are in accordance with the principles of universal, equal, direct, secret, free, and personal right to vote.
Key elements of the voting system:
Active right to vote: 16 or above.
Passive right to vote: 18 or above.
In general, the Austrian citizenship is a pre-condition to enjoy the active and passive rights to vote (exception: in European Elections and Municipal Elections citizens of EU member states also enjoy voting rights)
Extra Information: Suffrage for Women: In 1918 universal suffrage was extended to women for the first time. In 1919 the first eight women – seven Social Democrats and one Christian Socialist – entered parliament after the elections to the Constituent National Assembly.
Federal Ministry of the InteriorDepartment III/6 - Electoral AffairsP.O. Box 100, A-1014 ViennaPhone: +43-(0)1-53126-2464e-mail: email@example.com
BM.I Bundesministerium für Inneres, Abteilung III/6, 1010 Wien, Telefon: +43-1-53126-2464 |